Below is our list of publications.  If you would like a copy of any of these and can’t access them then please get in contact and we will send you a copy.

1.         Riddell, J., S.R. Noureen, L. Sedda, J.D. Glover, W.K.W. Ho, C.A. Bain, A. Berbeglia, H. Brown, C. Anderson, Y. Chen, M.L. Crichton, C.A. Yates, R.L. Mort, and D.J. Headon, Rapid mechanosensitive migration and dispersal of newly divided mesenchymal cells aid their recruitment into dermal condensates. PLoS Biology, 2023. 21(9) DOI:

2.         Glover, J.D., Z.R. Sudderick, B.B.J. Shih, C. Batho-Samblas, L. Charlton, A.L. Krause, C. Anderson, J. Riddell, A. Balic, J. Li, V. Klika, T.E. Woolley, E.A. Gaffney, A. Corsinotti, R.A. Anderson, L.J. Johnston, S.J. Brown, S. Wang, Y. Chen, M.L. Crichton, and D.J. Headon, The developmental basis of fingerprint pattern formation and variation. Cell, 2023. 186(5): p. 940-956.e20 DOI:

3.         Wei, J.C., I.D. Cartmill, M.A. Kendall, and M.L. Crichton, In vivo, in situ and ex vivo comparison of porcine skin for microprojection array penetration depth, delivery efficiency and elastic modulus assessment. Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials, 2022. 130 DOI:

4.         Crichton, M., H. Crichton, and G. Colville, Students’ Perceptions of Problem-Based Learning in Multidisciplinary Groups When Seeking to Solve an Engineering Grand Challenge. Journal of Problem Based Learning in Higher Education, 2022. 10(1): p. 20-35 DOI:

5.         van der Burg, N.M.D., A.C.I. Depelsenaire, M.L. Crichton, P. Kuo, S. Phipps, and M.A.F. Kendall, A low inflammatory, Langerhans cell-targeted microprojection patch to deliver ovalbumin to the epidermis of mouse skin. Journal of Controlled Release, 2019. 302: p. 190-200 DOI:

6.         Meyer, B.K., M.A.F. Kendall, D.M. Williams, A.J. Bett, S. Dubey, R.C. Gentzel, D. Casimiro, A. Forster, H. Corbett, M. Crichton, S.B. Baker, R.K. Evans, and A. Bhambhani, Immune response and reactogenicity of an unadjuvanted intradermally delivered human papillomavirus vaccine using a first generation Nanopatch™ in rhesus macaques: An exploratory, pre-clinical feasibility assessment. Vaccine: X, 2019. 2 DOI:

7.         Haridass, I.N., J.C.J. Wei, Y.H. Mohammed, M.L. Crichton, C.D. Anderson, J. Henricson, W.Y. Sanchez, S.C. Meliga, J.E. Grice, H.A.E. Benson, M.A.F. Kendall, and M.S. Roberts, Cellular metabolism and pore lifetime of human skin following microprojection array mediation. Journal of Controlled Release, 2019. 306: p. 59-68 DOI:

8.         Wei, J.C.J., I.N. Haridass, M.L. Crichton, Y.H. Mohammed, S.C. Meliga, W.Y. Sanchez, J.E. Grice, H.A.E. Benson, M.S. Roberts, and M.A.F. Kendall, Space- and time-resolved investigation on diffusion kinetics of human skin following macromolecule delivery by microneedle arrays. Scientific Reports, 2018. 8(1) DOI:

9.         Cummins, G., J. Kremer, A. Bernassau, A. Brown, H.L. Bridle, H. Schulze, T.T. Bachmann, M. Crichton, F.C. Denison, and M.P.Y. Desmulliez, Sensors for fetal hypoxia and metabolic acidosis: A review. Sensors (Switzerland), 2018. 18(8) DOI:

10.       Wei, J.C.J., G.A. Edwards, D.J. Martin, H. Huang, M.L. Crichton, and M.A.F. Kendall, Allometric scaling of skin thickness, elasticity, viscoelasticity to mass for micro-medical device translation: From mice, rats, rabbits, pigs to humans. Scientific Reports, 2017. 7(1) DOI:

11.       Meliga, S.C., J.W. Coffey, M.L. Crichton, C. Flaim, M. Veidt, and M.A.F. Kendall, The hyperelastic and failure behaviors of skin in relation to the dynamic application of microscopic penetrators in a murine model. Acta Biomaterialia, 2017. 48: p. 341-356 DOI:

12.       Crichton, M.L. and M.A.F. Kendall, Nanopatches for Vaccine Delivery, in Micro- and Nanotechnology in Vaccine Development. 2017. p. 343-356 DOI:

13.       Raphael, A.P., M.L. Crichton, R.J. Falconer, S. Meliga, X. Chen, G.J.P. Fernando, H. Huang, and M.A.F. Kendall, Formulations for microprojection/microneedle vaccine delivery: Structure, strength and release profiles. Journal of Controlled Release, 2016. 225: p. 40-52 DOI:

14.       Muller, D.A., F.E. Pearson, G.J.P. Fernando, C. Agyei-Yeboah, N.S. Owens, S.R. Corrie, M.L. Crichton, J.C.J. Wei, W.C. Weldon, M.S. Oberste, P.R. Young, and M.A.F. Kendall, Inactivated poliovirus type 2 vaccine delivered to rat skin via high density microprojection array elicits potent neutralising antibody responses. Scientific Reports, 2016. 6 DOI:

15.       Crichton, M.L., D.A. Muller, A.C.I. Depelsenaire, F.E. Pearson, J. Wei, J. Coffey, J. Zhang, G.J.P. Fernando, and M.A.F. Kendall, The changing shape of vaccination: Improving immune responses through geometrical variations of a microdevice for immunization. Scientific Reports, 2016. 6 DOI:

16.       Crichton, M.L., C. Archer-Jones, S. Meliga, G. Edwards, D. Martin, H. Huang, and M.A.F. Kendall, Characterising the material properties at the interface between skin and a skin vaccination microprojection device. Acta Biomaterialia, 2016. 36: p. 186-194 DOI:

17.       McNeilly, C.L., M.L. Crichton, C.A. Primiero, I.H. Frazer, M.S. Roberts, and M.A.F. Kendall, Microprojection arrays to immunise at mucosal surfaces. Journal of Controlled Release, 2014. 196: p. 252-260 DOI:

18.       Pearson, F.E., C.L. McNeilly, M.L. Crichton, C.A. Primiero, S.R. Yukiko, G.J.P. Fernando, X. Chen, S.C. Gilbert, A.V.S. Hill, and M.A.F. Kendall, Dry-Coated Live Viral Vector Vaccines Delivered by Nanopatch Microprojections Retain Long-Term Thermostability and Induce Transgene-Specific T Cell Responses in Mice. PLoS ONE, 2013. 8(7) DOI:

19.       Crichton, M.L., X. Chen, H. Huang, and M.A.F. Kendall, Elastic modulus and viscoelastic properties of full thickness skin characterised at micro scales. Biomaterials, 2013. 34(8): p. 2087-2097 DOI:

20.       Crichton, M.L., B.C. Donose, X. Chen, A.P. Raphael, H. Huang, and M.A.F. Kendall, The viscoelastic, hyperelastic and scale dependent behaviour of freshly excised individual skin layers. Biomaterials, 2011. 32(20): p. 4670-4681 DOI:

21.       Chen, X., G.J.P. Fernando, M.L. Crichton, C. Flaim, S.R. Yukiko, E.J. Fairmaid, H.J. Corbett, C.A. Primiero, A.B. Ansaldo, I.H. Frazer, L.E. Brown, and M.A.F. Kendall, Improving the reach of vaccines to low-resource regions, with a needle-free vaccine delivery device and long-term thermostabilization. Journal of Controlled Release, 2011. 152(3): p. 349-355 DOI:

22.       Raphael, A.P., T.W. Prow, M.L. Crichton, X. Chen, G.J.P. Fernando, and M.A.F. Kendall, Targeted, needle-free vaccinations in skin using multilayered, densely-packed dissolving microprojection arrays. Small, 2010. 6(16): p. 1785-1793 DOI:

23.       Prow, T.W., X. Chen, N.A. Prow, G.J.P. Fernando, C.S.E. Tan, A.P. Raphael, D. Chang, M.P. Ruutu, D.W.K. Jenkins, A. Pyke, M.L. Crichton, K. Raphaelli, L.Y.H. Goh, I.H. Frazer, M.S. Roberts, J. Gardner, A.A. Khromykh, A. Suhrbier, R.A. Hall, and M.A.F. Kendall, Nanopatch-targeted skin vaccination against West Nile virus and chikungunya virus in mice. Small, 2010. 6(16): p. 1776-1784 DOI:

24.       Fernando, G.J.P., X. Chen, T.W. Prow, M.L. Crichton, E.J. Fairmaid, M.S. Roberts, I.H. Frazer, L.E. Brown, and M.A.F. Kendall, Potent immunity to low doses of influenza vaccine by probabilistic guided micro-targeted skin delivery in a mouse model. PLoS ONE, 2010. 5(4) DOI:

25.       Crichton, M.L., A. Ansaldo, X. Chen, T.W. Prow, G.J.P. Fernando, and M.A.F. Kendall, The effect of strain rate on the precision of penetration of short densely-packed microprojection array patches coated with vaccine. Biomaterials, 2010. 31(16): p. 4562-4572 DOI:

26.       Corrie, S.R., G.J.P. Fernando, M.L. Crichton, M.E.G. Brunck, C.D. Anderson, and M.A.F. Kendall, Surface-modified microprojection arrays for intradermal biomarker capture, with low non-specific protein binding. Lab on a Chip, 2010. 10(20): p. 2655-2658 DOI:

27.       Chen, X., A.S. Kask, M.L. Crichton, C. McNeilly, S. Yukiko, L. Dong, J.O. Marshak, C. Jarrahian, G.J.P. Fernando, D. Chen, D.M. Koelle, and M.A.F. Kendall, Improved DNA vaccination by skin-targeted delivery using dry-coated densely-packed microprojection arrays. Journal of Controlled Release, 2010. 148(3): p. 327-333 DOI:

28.       Chen, X., G.J.P. Fernando, H. Corbett, T.W. Prow, M.L. Crichton, and M.A.F. Kendall. Fast evaporation aided coating of densely packed and short microprojection patches for enhanced vaccine delivery to the skin. in ICONN 2010 – Proceedings of the 2010 International Conference on Nanoscience and Nanotechnology. 2010.  DOI:

29.       Chen, X., T.W. Prow, M.L. Crichton, D.W.K. Jenkins, M.S. Roberts, I.H. Frazer, G.J.P. Fernando, and M.A.F. Kendall, Dry-coated microprojection array patches for targeted delivery of immunotherapeutics to the skin. Journal of Controlled Release, 2009. 139(3): p. 212-220 DOI:

30.       Prow, T.W., X. Chen, M. Crichton, Y. Tiwari, F. Gradassi, K. Raphelli, D. Mahony, G. Fernando, M.S. Roberts, and M.A.F. Mark. Targeted epidermal delivery of vaccines from coated micro-nanoprojection patches. in Proceedings of the 2008 International Conference on Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, ICONN 2008. 2008.  DOI:

31.       Chen, X., T.W. Prow, M.L. Crichton, G.J.P. Fernando, and M.A.F. Kendall. Novel coating of micro-nanoprojection patches for targeted vaccine delivery to skin. in Proceedings of the 2008 International Conference on Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, ICONN 2008. 2008.  DOI: